Roman Law Sources

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Although educated primarily in the common law, the Founding Generation was keenly aware of the Roman Civil Law, and referred to it frequently during the Constitution’s framing and ratification.  The following website collects, in searchable word processing and PDF formats, the principal compilations of classical Roman law.

Institutes of Roman Law by Gaius

Institutes of Roman Law by Gaius PDF format, file size = 668 KB; Latin
Institutes of Roman Law by Gaius
MS Word format, file size = 862 KB; Latin

Digest of Justinian

Digest of Justinian PDF format, file size = 1,345 KB; Latin
Digest of Justinian, MS Word format, file size = 12,257 KB; Latin

The Institutes of Justinian

The Institutes of Justinian, PDF format, file size = 541 KB; Latin
The institutes of Justinian
, MS Word format, file size = 466 KB; Latin

The Codex of Justinian

The Codex of Justinian, PDF format, file size = 3,610 KB; Latin
The Codex of Justinian, MS Word format, file size = 4,109 KB; Latin

Credits:

Robert G. Natelson, Senior Fellow in Constitutional Jurisprudence at the Independence Institute. (At the time, he was Professor of Law at The University of Montana.)

Rebecca Natelson Chertudi (then age 16), Rob’s daughter, learned Latin from birth. She obtained perfect scores on the National Latin Exam three times, won a National Merit Scholarship, and graduated from Washington and Lee University, Class of 2009, earning a degree in East Asian Studies. She and her husband, James Chertudi, currently teach English in Japan.